If you’re looking to master the art of bonsai tree growing then it’s necessary to learn the correct bonsai instructions and techniques. There are many areas which require different skills and takes years to master. Below is an overview of some of the techniques available:
Watering – Different species of tree require different amounts of water. Knowing how much water to water your tree really depends on the size of your tree, its age and the time of year. Some experts say that it takes several years before you learn to water your trees properly. Rain water or water from the well is the best type of water to use however, tap water will suffice if there is no natural water available. Avoid using chlorinated water.
Wiring – This is when a tree is occasionally pulled with a wire in order to bend, or straighten its branches or trunk. Copper and aluminium is most often used for this process and small pliers are required. If you’re just starting out with bonsai growing then one simple way of practicing your wiring is by pretending your finger is the trunk. If you feel any constriction of blood flow on your finger then your coils will be too tight for your tree as well. Wiring will leave scarring if done incorrectly. Also, when removing the wire do to unwrap or unravel it away from the trees branches or trunk, instead it should be cut from the tree using the appropriate tools.
Potting & Repotting – Every year or so it’s necessary to repot your bonsai in order prevent and maintain it’s growth. What happens is that a bonsai trees roots will slowly grow and begin to clog the soil of the pot in which the tree is growing. This will stop any air and water from properly reaching the roots. So when repotting your tree it’s necessary to cut its roots to prevent cramping. Other factors such as choosing the right shape and size of your bowel are also important not only for the beauty of your plant but also because they will affect the way in which you tree grows.
Fertilizing – Normally a tree will be naturally fertilized by dead organic matter such as insects and other dead foliage and animals which return their nutrients to the floor. However, when bonsai’s are grown at home this is less likely to occur and so artificial fertilizer will have to be used. One of the best ways to do this is to use natural fertilizers such as manure or compost. If this isn’t available then there are other fertilizers which can be bought from shops and gardening stores. These can be bought as liquid fertilizers, which affect the soil immediately or as solid fertilizers which slowly seep into the earth.
Pruning & Trimming – Pruning should ideally be done before the growing season occurs as this allows the plant to recover quickly. Even when you’ve been taking good care of your tree, new undesirable shoots are likely to appear which will need cutting back. You might be able to pinch and twist off smaller twigs, but larger branches will require the use of tools such as pliers and shears. The application of wood sealant over the wound is also necessary once the branch has been removed.
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