Bonsai Redwood Tree
Bonsai Redwoods are evergreen, coniferous trees that can usually be found in California. They have a soft and reddish bark with flat needle foliage. If you’re looking to grow a redwood bonsai tree then you’ll want to look out for these names: the Wellingtonia (also known as Sequoiadendron Giganteum) and the California Redwood (also known as Sequoia Sempervirens). Other forms sought out for bonsai use include: Prostata or Nana Pendula and also Pygmaeum.
The main difference between these two redwoods (the Wellingtonia and the California Redwood) can be found by looking at the leaves. Wellongtonia leaves give off a bad smell when cut and are more scale like whereas the California redwood is much less so. Natively these trees are only found in California around the Pacific Rim however they’re rapidly becoming popular bonsai around the world due to impressive growth rates. A good sized bonsai can be grown within a few years from this species and so it makes an excellent tree to start practicing your bonsai hobby on. If you do end up getting competitive then you’re want to display the trees during the spring as their new growths gives off a little something extra to the plant.
These redwood trees might be considered an unusual choice for a species of bonsai as in the wild they can grow to be the tallest tress in the world with heights of over 100 metres. The fact that owners can grow and control these plants as bonsai’s is a testament to man’s control over nature.
The tree has a reddish brown bark that easily peels off into long strips when touched so it’s a good idea to handle these trees with care. Because the trees are used to growing at great heights they’re naturally used to buttressing and therefore have strong surface roots, a smart bonsai owner should take note of this and use it to their advantage when styling their redwood.
However when styling the tree they should really only be grown in the upright structure. These redwoods just don’t naturally bend or twist very easily. So it’s a good idea to stick to the formal arrangements and to maybe consider encouraging the branches to weep downwards to give an extra aged appearance. Growing a couple of these trees together makes a brilliant arrangement and their barks can also be quite beautiful if split properly. In the winter you’ll want to place a cover over the tree to protect it from frost and in the summer they should be given a bit of shade as the tree shouldn’t be left out in direct sunlight.
These trees are best kept well watered and are quite easy to maintain, you just need to keep a check on the growth by making sure the pot in which the tree is hosted is small (otherwise it will start growing into a 100 metre beast!).
Overall, it’s a pretty easy tree to maintain and if you live in the right climate it’s a great beginner tree to start learning on because it grows so quickly.
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